Viniyoga (prefixes vi and ni plus yoga) is a Sanskrit term that implies differentiation, adaptation, and appropriate application. In this context, it is yoga adapted to your unique condition, as developed by T.Krishnamacharya, his son T.K.V. Desikachar, and their student Gary Kraftsow.
The American Viniyoga Institute uses the term Viniyoga to refer to an approach to Yoga that adapts the various means and methods of practice to the unique condition, needs, and interests of each individual - giving each practitioner the tools to individualize and actualize the process of self-discovery and personal transformation.
The practices of Yoga provide the means to bring out the best in each practitioner. This requires an understanding of a person's present condition, personal potential, appropriate goals, and the means available. Just as every person is different, these aspects will vary with each individual.
Viniyoga practice can include any or all the tools of yoga, depending on the intention and the student's interest: asana (postures), pranayama (breathing adaptations), chanting, and meditation. There are four points that characterize the main difference between the Viniyoga approach and most other forms of yoga practice:
The general long-term goals of Yoga Therapy include: